Nov 2020
Author(s): Groves, David G.; Syme, James; Molina-Pérez, Edmundo; Calvo, Carlos; Víctor-Gallardo, Luis; Godinez, Guido; Quirós-Tortos, Jairo; De León, Felipe; Meza Murillo, Andrea; Saavedra Gómez, Valentina; Vogt-Schilb, Adrien
Given the socioeconomic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, global leaders are seeking solutions to re-activate their economies while preserving the climate and mitigating the risk of future…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Groves, David G.; Syme, James; Molina-Pérez, Edmundo; Calvo, Carlos; Víctor-Gallardo, Luis; Godinez, Guido; Quirós-Tortos, Jairo; De León, Felipe; Meza Murillo, Andrea; Saavedra Gómez, Valentina; Vogt-Schilb, Adrien
Reconociendo la incertidumbre sobre el futuro, evaluamos miles de futuros plausibles diferentes para comprender el rango de posibles vías de descarbonización y beneficios netos para la economía…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Näslund-Hadley, Emma; Hernández Agramonte, Juan Manuel; Montaño, Kelly; Namen, Olga; Alpizar, Guiselle; Luna, Úrsula; Ochoa, Laura; García, Juan Felipe; Peña de Osorio, Brunilda; Biehl, María Loreto; Maragall, Juan; Méndez, Carolina; Thompson, Jennelle
Una encuesta a 62.837 cuidadores de niños de cuatro países latinoamericanos indagó sobre sus experiencias con la educación a distancia de emergencia y la salud mental durante la pandemia de COVID-19…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Rubio-Codina, Marta; Grantham-McGregor, Sally
Existe un creciente compromiso a nivel mundial para llevar a cabo intervenciones en la primera infancia con el objetivo de promover el desarrollo de millones de niños en situación de desventaja en…
Nov 2020
Author(s): González, Felipe; Ortiz, Teresa; Sánchez Ávalos, Roberto
A pesar de que existe un número importante de principios que buscan una IA ética, solo proporcionan una orientación de alto nivel sobre lo que debe o no hacerse en su desarrollo y existe muy poca…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Busso, Matías; Camacho, Juanita; Messina, Julián; Montenegro, Guadalupe
Data on 33 emergency transfer programs implemented across 10 Latin American and Caribbean countries in response to the Covid-19 pandemic shows substantial variation in proposed coverage. Coverages…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Busso, Matías; Camacho, Juanita; Messina, Julián; Montenegro, Guadalupe
Los datos sobre 33 programas de transferencias de emergencia implementados en 10 países de América Latina y el Caribe como respuesta a la pandemia de la COVID-19 muestran una variación considerable…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Jimenez Mori, Raul Alberto; Yépez-García, Ariel
How do households consume and spend on energy? What are the drivers of their spending and consumption patterns? How does energy consumption has evolved? What is to be expected as the region climbs…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Chauvin, Juan Pablo; Fowler, Annabelle; Herrera L., Nicolás
This paper examines why a larger share of COVID-19 deaths occurs among young and middle-aged adults in developing countries than in high-income countries. Using novel data at the country, city, and…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Sturzenegger, Germán; Vidal, Cecilia; Martinez, Sebastian
Access to piped sewage in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) cities has been on the rise in recent decades. Yet achieving high rates of end-user connection between dwellings and sewage pipelines…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Angulo Rodríguez, Emilio; Yépez-García, Ariel
As of 2004 and continuously to this day, the annual growth rate of renewable sources has been greater than that of all fossil fuels combined. In the midst of this transition to cleaner energy,…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Angulo Rodríguez, Emilio; Yépez-García, Ariel
A partir de 2004 e ininterrumpidamente hasta nuestros días, el ritmo de crecimiento anual de las renovables ha sido mayor al de todos los combustibles fósiles juntos. En medio de esta transición…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Bosch, Mariano; Cárdenas, Mauricio
La crisis del COVID-19 ha dejado al descubierto que los empleos informales no solo son peor remunerados y menos productivos que los formales, no generan ingresos fiscales y no tienen mecanismos de…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Berlinski, Samuel; Ferreyra, María Marta; Flabbi, Luca; Martin, Juan David
We develop and estimate a model of child care markets that endogenizes both demand and supply. On the demand side, families with a child make consumption, labor supply, and child-care decisions…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Pierri, Gastón; Lafuente, Mariano
Las iniciativas de gobierno digital y control ciudadano han aumentado en los últimos años. Sin embargo, la literatura sobre su efectividad es escasa. En este estudio se busca presentar evidencia…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Brooks, Amy; Jambeck, Jenna; Mozo-Reyes, Eliana
As of 2017, 8.3 billion metric tons of plastic had been produced worldwide. Since about 40% is used in things that are thrown away relatively quickly (packaging and single use items), 6.4 billion…
Nov 2020
Author(s): López Bóo, Florencia; Leer, Jane; Kamei, Akito
Expanding small-scale interventions without lowering quality and attenuating impact is a critical policy challenge. Community monitoring overs a low-cost quality assurance mechanism by making service…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Busso, Matías; Camacho, Juanita; Messina, Julián; Montenegro, Guadalupe
Latin American governments swiftly implemented income assistance programs to sustain families' livelihoods during COVID-19 stay-at-home orders. This paper analyzes the potential coverage and…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Berlinski, Samuel; Ramos, Alejandra
This paper analyzes the effect on teacher mobility of a program that rewards excellence in teaching practices in Chile. Successful applicants receive a 6 percent annual wage increase for up to 10…
Nov 2020
Author(s): Berlinski, Samuel; Ramos, Alejandra
Esta investigación analiza el efecto en la movilidad de los profesores de un programa que recompensa la excelencia en las prácticas docentes en Chile. Los postulantes exitosos al programa reciben un…