A Structural Fiscal Balance Rule for Mexico
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This paper analyzes the convenience of adopting a structural fiscal balance rule in Mexico, and whether the necessary conditions exist in the country for the adoption of such a rule. Adjustments are made for cyclical factors and other sources of volatility, both on the revenue and the expenditure side, in order to estimate the structural fiscal balance and determine if an appropriate fiscal rule can be designed for Mexico's case. The analysis evaluates various possible oil production scenarios in Mexico and reaches the conclusion that adopting a rule that establishes a yearly structural fiscal surplus of 0.5 percent of GDP could be adequate to maintain sustainable levels of public debt.