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Aug 2014
Author(s): Franco, Maria; Scartascini, Carlos; Tommasi, Mariano
The literature has identified that countries with higher levels of openness tend to present a larger government sector as a way to reduce the risks to the economy that openness entails. This paper…
Jan 2014
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Tommasi, Mariano
This policy brief takes stock of the research on government capabilities undertaken at the Inter-American Development Bank, highlights the relevance of government capabilities for generating better…
Jul 2013
Author(s): Tommasi, Mariano; Scartascini, Carlos; Caruso, Germán
The understanding of the economic effect of formal institutional rules has progressed substantially in recent decades. These formal analyses have tended to take for granted that institutional arenas…
Dec 2012
Author(s): Rossi, Martín; Tommasi, Mariano
This paper uses data from the Argentine House of Representatives to study the relationship between legislative effort and political success, as measured by reelection, becoming a leader of the House…
Dec 2012
Author(s): Palanza, Valeria; Scartascini, Carlos; Tommasi, Mariano
This paper proposes an agenda for the study of the determinants and the processes by which strong policymaking institutions emerge, with emphasis on the most central democratic institution: the…
Jun 2012
Author(s): Ardanaz, Martín; Leiras, Marcelo; Tommasi, Mariano
This paper contributes to an agenda that views the effects of policies and institutional reforms as dependent on the structure of political incentives for national and subnational political actors.…
Mar 2010
Author(s): Tommasi, Mariano; Scartascini, Carlos; Stein, Ernesto H.
The capacity to sustain policies over time and the capacity to adjust policies in the face of changing circumstances are two desirable properties of policymaking systems. The veto player approach has…
Mar 2010
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Tommasi, Mariano; Ardanaz, Martín
This paper surveys selected themes in the political economy of policymaking in Latin America, with an emphasis on recent research focusing on actual decision and implementation processes, and on the…
Jan 2010
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Stein, Ernesto H.; Tommasi, Mariano; Jones, Mark P.; Saiegh, Sebastián; Magaldi de Sousa, Mariana; Martínez-Gallardo, Cecilia; Zuvanic, Laura; Iacoviello, Mercedes; Rodríguez Gusta, Ana Laura; Monaldi, Francisco; Schneider, Ben Ross; Murillo, Maria Victoria; Schrank, Andrew; Hughes, Sallie
Over the past 30 years, democratic freedoms and competitive electoral processes have taken hold as never before in Latin America. How Democracy Works takes a detailed look, from an institutional…
Nov 2009
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Tommasi, Mariano
This paper develops a framework for analyzing different policymaking styles, their causes and their consequences in Latin America, finding that lower institutionalization and greater use of…
Nov 2009
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Tommasi, Mariano; Velasques de Paula Machado, Fabiana
This paper argues that where institutions are strong, actors are more likely to participate in the political process through institutionalized arenas, while where they are weak, protests and other…
Apr 2009
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Stein, Ernesto H.; Tommasi, Mariano
While economists have tended to focus on specific public policies when developing recommendations, the achievement of welfare objectives might depend more on the quality of policies than their…
Dec 2008
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Stein, Ernesto H.; Tommasi, Mariano
This paper introduces preliminary evidence from a cross-country database of policy characteristics and potential uses of that database. While most databases have emphasized either the content of…
Aug 2008
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Stein, Ernesto H.; Tommasi, Mariano
Veto player theory argues that a higher number of veto players lowers the likelihood of change; in turn, policies that do not change help to sustain commitments but may prevent adaptation to changing…
Jun 2008
Author(s): Murillo, Maria Victoria; Scartascini, Carlos; Tommasi, Mariano
Following the research strategy put in practice in the project behind Stein et al. (2008), Policymaking in Latin America: How Politics Shapes Policies, this project will be a collective and…
Jan 2008
Author(s): Spiller, Pablo T.; Stein, Ernesto H.; Tommasi, Mariano; Scartascini, Carlos; Alston, Lee J.; Melo, Marcus André; Mueller, Bernardo; Pereira, Carlos; Aninat, Cristóbal; Londregan, John; Navia, Patricio; Vial, Joaquín; Cárdenas, Mauricio; Junguito, Roberto; Pachón, Mónica; Mejía Acosta, Andrés; Araujo, María Caridad; Pérez-Liñán, Aníbal; Saiegh, Sebastián; Lehoucq, Fabrice; Negretto, Gabriel; Aparicio, Francisco Javier; Nacif, Benito; Benton, Allyson Lucinda; Molinas, José R.; Montero, Marcela; Monaldi, Francisco; González de Pacheco, Rosa Amelia; Obuchi, Richard; Penfold, Michael
What determines the capacity of countries to design, approve and implement effective public policies? To address this question, this book builds on the results of case studies of political…
Jan 2006
Author(s): Murillo, Maria Victoria; Schneider, Ben Ross; Iacoviello, Mercedes; Scartascini, Carlos; Monaldi, Francisco; Payne, J. Mark; Martínez-Gallardo, Cecilia; Stein, Ernesto H.; Echebarría, Koldo; Whitehead, Laurence; Mateo-Berganza Díaz, María Mercedes; Lora, Eduardo; Filc, Gabriel; Bergara, Mario; Saiegh, Sebastián; Magaldi de Sousa, Mariana; Navarro, Juan Carlos; Mercer-Blackman, Valerie; Pereyra, Andrés; Cárdenas, Mauricio; Tommasi, Mariano; Santiso, Javier; Hughes, Sallie; Zuvanic, Laura; Jones, Mark P.; Clavijo, Laura
This report examines the quality of public policies in Latin America and the Caribbean after more than a decade of political and economic reform. A wide variety of examples and case studies are…
Jan 2005
Author(s): Murillo, Maria Victoria; Urízar H., Carmen; Saavedra-Chanduví, Jaime; Menezes-Filho, Naercio Aquino; Ravina, Renato; Fachola, Gabriela; Sanguinetti, Juan; Pazello, Elaine; Kuhn, Peter; Lée, Sigfrido; Cassoni, Adriana; Torero, Máximo; Zegarra, Eduardo; Márquez, Gustavo; Ronconi, Lucas; Zylberstajn, Helio; Tommasi, Mariano; Labadie, Gastón J.; Chahad, Jose Paulo; Johnson, Susan
The subject of labor unions in Latin America provokes a variety of diverse and strongly held views. While some see unions as a way to protect workers' rights and ensure an equitable…
Sep 2002
Author(s): Murillo, Maria Victoria; Tommasi, Mariano; Ronconi, Lucas; Sanguinetti, Juan
This paper considers the effects of trade unions on the education sector in Argentina and the channels of union influence on the performance of this crucial sector. The authors find that those…