Assesing Educational Equality and Equity with Large-Scale Assessment Data: Brazil as a Case Study

Willms, J. Douglas;
Tramonte, Lucía;
Mar 2012
Researchers have defined and assessed inequalities and inequities in education in various ways, making it difficult to make comparisons among countries or among jurisdictions within countries. This paper sets out practical definitions for equality and equity in education and discusses the prominent issues regarding the use of large-scale national and international assessment data to assess them. Examples are drawn from the national assessment data from Brazil.