May 2005
Author(s): López-Cálix, José R.;Melo, Alberto;Tinsley, Elaine;Calvo, Sara
The last Public Expenditure Review for Ecuador (PER) was produced in 1993. More than a decade later, the purpose of this report is to provide the Ecuadorian authorities with the World Bank's and…
Jan 2005
Author(s): Murillo, Maria Victoria;Urízar H., Carmen;Saavedra-Chanduví, Jaime;Menezes-Filho, Naercio Aquino;Ravina, Renato;Fachola, Gabriela;Sanguinetti, Juan;Pazello, Elaine;Kuhn, Peter;Lée, Sigfrido;Cassoni, Adriana;Torero, Máximo;Zegarra, Eduardo;Márquez, Gustavo;Ronconi, Lucas;Zylberstajn, Helio;Tommasi, Mariano;Labadie, Gastón J.;Chahad, Jose Paulo;Johnson, Susan
The subject of labor unions in Latin America provokes a variety of diverse and strongly held views. While some see unions as a way to protect workers' rights and ensure an equitable…
Jan 2005
Author(s): Maloney, William;Lederman, Daniel;Servén, Luis
Analyzing the experience of Mexico under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), 'Lessons from NAFTA' aims to provide guidance to Latin American and Caribbean countries considering…
Jan 2005
Author(s): Gill, Indermit S.;Packard, Truman G.;Yermo, Juan
Empirical analysis of two decades of pioneering pension and social security reform in Latin America and the Caribbean shows that much has been achieved, but that critical challenges remain. In…
Jan 2005
Author(s): Vos, Rob;Frenkel, Roberto;Ocampo, José Antonio;Palma, José Gabriel;Marfán, Manuel;Ros, Jaime;Taylor, Lance;Correa, Nelson;Cimoli, Mario
Beyond Reforms presents the contributions of some United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) analysts as well as research articles prepared for the Commission. It…
Jan 2005
Author(s): López-de-Silanes, Florencio;Serra, Pablo;Gertler, Paul;Schargrodsky, Ernesto;Anuatti, Francisco;Galiani, Sebastián;Chong, Alberto E.;Pombo, Carlos;Sturzenegger, Federico;Torero, Máximo;Machicado, Carlos Gustavo;Fischer, Ronald;Garrón, Mauricio;Macedo, Roberto;Capra, Katherina;Gutiérrez, Rodrigo;Ramírez, Manuel;Barossi-Filho, Milton;De Carvalho, Antonio Gledson
'Privatization in Latin America' evaluates the empirical evidence on privatization in a region that has witnessed an extensive decline in the state's share of production over the past…
Jan 2005
Author(s): Márquez, Gustavo;Gasparini, Leonardo;Salas, Carlos;Herrera, Beethoven;Kuhn, Peter;Silva, Ilmar Ferreira;Marques, Lílian Arruda;Ribeiro, Luis;Francio, Ricardo;Sanches, Solange;Andrés, Luis;Pessino, Carola
¿Cómo viabilizar social y políticamente el proceso de integración a la economía mundial? ¿Cómo aumentar el ritmo de crecimiento de la productividad del trabajo, fuente última del crecimiento…
Jan 2005
Author(s): Kiguel, Miguel A.;Levy Yeyati, Eduardo;Galindo, Arturo;Panizza, Ugo;Miller, Margaret;Rojas-Suárez, Liliana;Bebczuk, Ricardo N.;López-de-Silanes, Florencio;Bernal, Olver;Auerbach, Paula;Chong, Alberto E.;Mandalaoui, Carolina;Izquierdo, Alejandro;Kamil, Herman;Demaestri, Edgardo C.;Loboguerrero, Ana María;Cowan, Kevin;Rodríguez-Clare, Andrés;Fergusson, Leopoldo;Micco, Alejandro;Powell, Andrew;Suárez, Gustavo;Lora, Eduardo;Stein, Ernesto H.;Studart, Rogerio
Credit supplied by the banking sector is the most important funding source for firms and households in Latin America and the Caribbean. Unfortunately, credit is scarce, costly and volatile. Without…
Jan 2005
Author(s): Kiguel, Miguel A.;Levy Yeyati, Eduardo;Galindo, Arturo;Panizza, Ugo;Miller, Margaret;Rojas-Suárez, Liliana;Bebczuk, Ricardo N.;López-de-Silanes, Florencio;Bernal, Olver;Auerbach, Paula;Chong, Alberto E.;Mandalaoui, Carolina;Izquierdo, Alejandro;Kamil, Herman;Demaestri, Edgardo C.;Loboguerrero, Ana María;Cowan, Kevin;Rodríguez-Clare, Andrés;Fergusson, Leopoldo;Micco, Alejandro;Powell, Andrew;Suárez, Gustavo;Lora, Eduardo;Stein, Ernesto H.;Studart, Rogerio
El crédito suministrado por el sector bancario es la fuente de financiamiento más importante para las firmas y los hogares en América Latina y el Caribe. Desafortunadamente, el crédito es escaso,…