Dec 2016
Author(s): Krishna, Kala;Lychagin, Sergey;Frisancho, Verónica
Placement, both in university and in the civil service, according to performance in competitive exams is the norm in much of the world. Repeat taking of such exams is common despite the private and…
Oct 2016
Author(s): Japan Research Institute;Multilateral Investment Fund
This report consolidates the key findings from a series of in-depth country-level studies on social entrepreneurship and innovation ecosystems in six countries in the East and South East Asian region…
Oct 2016
Author(s): Japan Research Institute;Multilateral Investment Fund
This report consolidates the key findings from a series of in-depth country-level studies on social entrepreneurship and innovation ecosystems in Japan.
Oct 2016
Author(s): Japan Research Institute;Multilateral Investment Fund
This report consolidates the key findings from a series of in-depth country-level studies on social entrepreneurship and innovation ecosystems in Japan, presenting the case study of Florence.…
Oct 2016
Author(s): Japan Research Institute;Multilateral Investment Fund
This report consolidates the key findings from a series of in-depth country-level studies on social entrepreneurship and innovation ecosystems in Japan, presenting the case study of Daichi wo Mamoru…
Oct 2016
Author(s): Japan Research Institute;Multilateral Investment Fund
This report consolidates the key findings from a series of in-depth country-level studies on social entrepreneurship and innovation ecosystems in Japan, presenting the case study of Care Center…
Oct 2016
Author(s): Japan Research Institute;Multilateral Investment Fund
This report consolidates the key findings from a series of in-depth country-level studies on social entrepreneurship and innovation ecosystems in Japan, presenting the case study of the…
Oct 2016
Author(s): Japan Research Institute;Multilateral Investment Fund
This report consolidates the key findings from a series of in-depth country-level studies on social entrepreneurship and innovation ecosystems in South Korea , presenting the case study of Woozoo.
Oct 2016
Author(s): Japan Research Institute;Multilateral Investment Fund
This paper offers the final reflections for "The Study of Social Entrepreneurship and SocialInnovation Ecosystems" in Asian countries including China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore,…
Jun 2015
Author(s): Espinasa, Ramón;Marchán, Estefanía;Sucre, Carlos
The rise of fast-growing, populous economies in Asia has increased demand for Latin American primary commodities to unprecedented levels, quickly raising Asia's importance as an economic partner…
Jun 2015
Author(s): Espinasa, Ramón;Marchán, Estefanía;Sucre, Carlos
El surgimiento al escenario mundial de las economías asiáticas, de rápido crecimiento y grandes poblaciones, ha incrementado la demanda por materias primas de América Latina a niveles sin precedentes…
Oct 2012
Author(s): Shin, Seonggyun;Almeida, Juliana
Este documento proporciona una guía práctica para interesados en exportación a los países de Corea del Sur, Japón y Singapur. Describe los requisitos para exportar a cada país, la estructura y…
Feb 2011
Author(s): Kohon, Jorge
Los ferrocarriles urbanos y suburbanos en las grandes ciudades no cubren con sus ingresos propios los costos de capital y, usualmente, tampoco cubren los costos de operación. Este estado de cosas…
Nov 2006
Author(s): De, Prabir
In this paper, the authors determine how policy and environmental barriers affect international trade, using data at 4-digit HS. The authors estimate a modified gravity equation, controlling for…
Jul 2003
Author(s): Hayami, Yujiro
En el transcurso de un siglo de crecimiento económico moderno desde la Restauración Meiji, Japón se ha transformado de ser un país en vías de desarrollo de bajos ingresos a ser una de las naciones…
May 2003
Author(s): Estevadeordal, Antoni
This document discusses the impact of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) and their effect on the pattern of trade. Specifically, this document addresses trade liberalization, preferential tariff…
May 2003
Author(s): Estevadeordal, Antoni
Este documento fue comisionado por la Red de Integración y Comercio del Diálogo Regional de Política para la 5a Reunión Hemisférica celebrada los días 14 y 15 de agosto, 2003. Este documento está…
Jun 2002
Author(s): Usui, Nobuaki
This paper analyzes why Japan introduced the self-assessment system for "income tax" in such adverse circumstances, what problems it faced as a result of its implementation, and how the…
Jun 2002
Author(s): Usui, Nobuaki
Este documento analiza el por qué Japón introdujo el sistema de la auto-liquidación para el cálculo del impuesto sobre la renta en tan adversas circunstancias, los problemas que tuvieron que ser…
Jun 2002
Author(s): Okada, Yoshiyasu
This document gives an overview of organizational structure of the National Tax Agency (NTA) in Japan, which administers assessment and collection of all national taxes (except for customs duty,…