Sep 2017
Author(s): Panizza, Ugo
The paper shows that international government borrowing from multilateraldevelopment banks is countercyclical while international government borrowing form private sector lenders is procyclical. The…
Mar 2007
Author(s): Panizza, Ugo; Jaimovich, Dany
There is a large literature showing that fiscal policy is either acyclical or countercyclical in industrial countries and procyclical in developing countries. Most of this literature is based on OLS…
Jan 2007
Author(s): Galindo, Arturo; Scartascini, Carlos; Payne, J. Mark; Daughters, Robert; Melo, Alberto; Echebarría, Koldo; Lora, Eduardo; Filc, Gabriel; Micco, Alejandro; Chong, Alberto E.; Panizza, Ugo; Benavides, Juan; Magaldi de Sousa, Mariana; Navarro, Juan Carlos; Márquez, Gustavo; Cortázar Velarde, Juan Carlos; Mesa-Lago, Carmelo; Harper, Leslie; Rodríguez-Clare, Andrés; Perusia, Juan Cruz
Latin America suffered a profound state crisis in the 1980s, which prompted not only the wave of macroeconomic and deregulation reforms known as the Washington Consensus, but also a wide variety of…
Aug 2004
Author(s): Díaz Alvarado, Carlos; Izquierdo, Alejandro; Panizza, Ugo
This paper surveys the recent literature on fiscal sustainability, with particular emphasis on emerging market countries. It discusses the main elements that differentiate emerging market countries…
Dec 2001
Author(s): Castilla Domingo, Manuel
Este documento explica las cosas que había que cambiar definidas por el divorcio existente entre la situación de las aduanas y las demandas de los sectores económicos de la sociedad (capítulo 1), lo…
Dec 2001
Author(s): Castilla Domingo, Manuel
Este documento presenta los acuerdos de integración tradicionales, los acuerdos de "nueva generación" y las perspectivas del Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas. El trabajo se centra en…
Aug 1999
Author(s): Panizza, Ugo
Cross-country studies have found a negative relationship between income inequality and economic growth. The main problem with the cross-country analyses is the poor quality of the data on income…