Who Decides the Budget? A Political Economy Analysis of the Budget Process in Latin America
Scartascini, Carlos; Stein, Ernesto H.; Abuelafia, Emmanuel; Berensztein, Sergio; Braun, Miguel; Di Gresia, Luciano; Alston, Lee J.; Melo, Marcus André; Mueller, Bernardo; Pereira, Carlos; Cárdenas, Mauricio; Mejía, Carolina; Olivera, Mauricio; Mejía Acosta, Andrés; Albornoz, Vicente; Araujo, María Caridad; Molinas, José R.; Pérez-Liñán, Aníbal; Carranza, Luis; Chávez, Jorge F.; Valderrama, José; Moraes, Juan Andrés; Chasquetti, Daniel; Bergara, Mario; Puente, José Manuel; Daza, Abelardo; Ríos, Germán; Rodríguez, Alesia; Hallerberg, Mark
Stein, Ernesto H.; Hallerberg, Mark; Scartascini, Carlos
This book presents a new framework for analyzing the political economy of budget processes in Latin America that is based on the following premises: i) the budget process must be considered as part of the overall policymaking process rather than in isolation; ii) budget outcomes cannot be fully explained on the basis of only one or two political or institutional dimensions; iii) actual practices must be considered as well as formal rules; iv) budget processes affect dimensions of fiscal outcomes besides fiscal sustainability, particularly efficiency, adaptability, and representativeness; v) political actors and their incentives must be considered at different stages of the policymaking process and in different institutional contexts. Case studies are presented for eight countries in the region, and a final chapter presents conclusions and suggestions for further research.