Evaluating the Impact of Science, Technology and Innovation Programs: a Methodological Toolkit
Crespi, Gustavo; Maffioli, Alessandro; Mohnen, Pierre; Vázquez, Gonzalo
The purpose of this guideline is to provide ideas and technical advice on how to measure the effectiveness of Science, Technology and Innovation Programs (STIP). The paper addresses the specific challenges of evaluating STIP, from the assessment of the intervention logic to the choice of the most appropriate method to solve the attribution problem. Much attention is devoted to the topic of data, discussing pros and cons of different data sources, data quality issues, and strategies for data collection. The paper analyzes in detail the potential application of experimental and quasi-experimental methods to STIP.