What Emigration Leaves Behind: The Situation of Emigrants and Their Families in Ecuador
Soruco, Ximena; Piani, Giorgina; Rossi, Máximo
This study seeks to identify, measure and analyze possible discriminatory behaviors in southern Ecuador. There are three main findings. First, emigration is perceived as a social problem. Second, emigrant families are seen as economically "irrational" because they are not perceived to be investing remittances in productive and sustainable activities; emigrants are additionally portrayed as "irresponsible" because they leave their families in search of better living conditions. Third, emigrants' children are perceived as doing worse in school than their peers and as living outside the society at large. Observed discrimination follows a cultural pattern: persons closer to the dominant culture are proportionately more likely to discriminate against emigrants and their families, and women show more discriminatory attitudes than men.