Search by author

Apr 2018
Author(s): Carneiro, Pedro; Cruz-Aguayo, Yyannu; Schady, Norbert
We study the determinants of math achievement among children in early elementary school using data from a unique experiment in which children were randomly assigned to classrooms within schools for…
Aug 2017
Author(s): Bosch, Mariano; Schady, Norbert; Araujo, María Caridad
We study the impact of welfare payments in Ecuador on the probability that women and men work, and on whether they are employed in the formal or informal sectors. Our analysis is based on two…
May 2017
Author(s): Cruz-Aguayo, Yyannu; Ibarrarán, Pablo; Schady, Norbert
Teachers vary considerably in their effectiveness, but identifying teacher characteristics that predict their impact on learning outcomes has been elusive. We analyze a teacher evaluation that is…
Apr 2017
Author(s): Schady, Norbert; Carneiro, Pedro; Cruz-Aguayo, Yyannu
We study the determinants of math achievement among children in early elementary school using data from a unique experiment. We find steep socioeconomic gradients and a substantial boy-girl gap in…
Feb 2017
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Dormal, Marta; Schady, Norbert
Development in early childhood predicts schooling and labor market outcomes in adulthood. In this paper we use a fixed effects identification strategy to assess how differences in the quality of…
Jan 2017
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Bosch, Mariano; Schady, Norbert
Many poor households in developing countries are liquidity-constrained. As a result, they may under-invest in the human capital of their children. We provide new evidence on the long-term (10-year)…
Jan 2016
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Carneiro, Pedro; Cruz-Aguayo, Yyannu; Schady, Norbert
We assigned two cohorts of kindergarten students, totaling more than 24,000 children, to teachers within schools with a rule that is as-good-as-random. We collected data on children at the beginning…
Oct 2015
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Ardanaz, Martín; Armendáriz, Edna; Behrman, Jere R.; Berlinski, Samuel; Cristia, Julian P.; Flabbi, Luca; Hincapie, Diana; Jalmovich, Analía; Kagan, Sharon Lynn; López Bóo, Florencia; Pérez Expósito, Ana; Schady, Norbert
This synopsis reviews the arguments in favor of a larger role for public policy in determining the well-being of young children. It explains where the region is in terms of child well-being today,…
Oct 2015
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Ardanaz, Martín; Armendáriz, Edna; Behrman, Jere R.; Berlinski, Samuel; Cristia, Julian P.; Flabbi, Luca; Hincapie, Diana; Jalmovich, Analía; Kagan, Sharon Lynn; López Bóo, Florencia; Pérez Expósito, Ana; Schady, Norbert
Child well-being matters for both ethical and economic reasons as children who flourish in the early years are more likely to become healthy, productive citizens later in life. This year's…
Jun 2015
Author(s): Schady, Norbert
I review the evidence on access to water and sanitation infrastructure and child outcomes In Latin America. I show that there are large differences in access across countries and, within countries,…
Jan 2014
Author(s): Vakis, Renos; Paxson, Christina; Marshall, Daniela; Macours, Karen; López Bóo, Florencia; Bravo, David; Bernal, Raquel; Azuero, Rodrigo; Araujo, María Caridad; Behrman, Jere R.; Schady, Norbert
Research from the United States shows that gaps in early cognitive and non-cognitive ability appear early in the life cycle. Little is known about this important question for developing countries.…
Jul 2012
Author(s): Schady, Norbert
Iron deficiency anemia is the most prevalent nutritional deficiency in the world, affecting more than 2 billion people in developing countries. We show that a modest cash transfer substantially…
Feb 2012
Author(s): Macours, Karen; Schady, Norbert; Vakis, Renos
Cash transfer programs have become extremely popular in the developing world. There is a large literature on the effects of these programs on schooling, health and nutrition, but relatively little is…