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Oct 2018
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Dormal, Marta; Rubio-Codina, Marta
This paper analyzes the association between quality of parenting programs and child development outcomes. It focuses on parenting programs delivered through home visits (i.e., home visiting programs…
Aug 2018
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Rubio-Codina, Marta; Dormal, Marta
As home visiting programs continue to expand, it is crucial to develop cost-effective methods to monitor their quality that are feasible at-scale. This paper compares two instruments widely used…
Sep 2017
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Martínez, María Adelaida; Martinez, Sebastian; Pérez, Michelle; Sánchez, Mario
While the effects of conditional cash transfers on primary school enrollment, attendance and dropouts are well documented, few studies address their impact on longer-term outcomes
like high-…
Aug 2017
Author(s): Bosch, Mariano; Schady, Norbert; Araujo, María Caridad
We study the impact of welfare payments in Ecuador on the probability that women and men work, and on whether they are employed in the formal or informal sectors. Our analysis is based on two…
Apr 2017
Author(s): Fiszbein, Ariel; Mateo-Berganza Díaz, María Mercedes; Araujo, María Caridad
This note, prepared by M. Caridad Araujo, Ariel Fiszbein and Mercedes Mateo Díaz, summarizes the agreements reachedduring a seminar in Washington, DC organized by the Inter-American Dialogue and the…
Feb 2017
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Dormal, Marta; Schady, Norbert
Development in early childhood predicts schooling and labor market outcomes in adulthood. In this paper we use a fixed effects identification strategy to assess how differences in the quality of…
Jan 2017
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Bosch, Mariano; Schady, Norbert
Many poor households in developing countries are liquidity-constrained. As a result, they may under-invest in the human capital of their children. We provide new evidence on the long-term (10-year)…
Aug 2016
Author(s): Rubio-Codina, Marta; Araujo, María Caridad; Attanasio, Orazio P.; Grantham-McGregor, Sally
In low- and middle-income countries (LIMCs) measuring early childhood development (ECD) with standard tests in large scale surveys (i.e. evaluations of interventions) is difficult and expensive.…
Feb 2016
Author(s): López Bóo, Florencia; Araujo, María Caridad; Tomé, Romina
This toolkit is designed to be a resource for researchers and technical staff of any discipline, working for governments and institutions interested in measuring and monitoring the quality of child…
Jan 2016
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Carneiro, Pedro; Cruz-Aguayo, Yyannu; Schady, Norbert
We assigned two cohorts of kindergarten students, totaling more than 24,000 children, to teachers within schools with a rule that is as-good-as-random. We collected data on children at the beginning…
Oct 2015
Author(s): Schodt, Sara; Parr, James; Araujo, María Caridad; Rubio-Codina, Marta
This document reviews the literature on the definition and measurement of quality of home visiting programs designed to promote early childhood development, with a particular focus on those…
Oct 2015
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Ardanaz, Martín; Armendáriz, Edna; Behrman, Jere R.; Berlinski, Samuel; Cristia, Julian P.; Flabbi, Luca; Hincapie, Diana; Jalmovich, Analía; Kagan, Sharon Lynn; López Bóo, Florencia; Pérez Expósito, Ana; Schady, Norbert
This synopsis reviews the arguments in favor of a larger role for public policy in determining the well-being of young children. It explains where the region is in terms of child well-being today,…
Oct 2015
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; Ardanaz, Martín; Armendáriz, Edna; Behrman, Jere R.; Berlinski, Samuel; Cristia, Julian P.; Flabbi, Luca; Hincapie, Diana; Jalmovich, Analía; Kagan, Sharon Lynn; López Bóo, Florencia; Pérez Expósito, Ana; Schady, Norbert
Child well-being matters for both ethical and economic reasons as children who flourish in the early years are more likely to become healthy, productive citizens later in life. This year's…
Oct 2015
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; López Bóo, Florencia; Novella, Rafael; Schodt, Sara; Tomé, Romina
This study analyzes data collected in 2012 from a sample of public child care centers in Ecuador. It aims to characterize different quality aspects of the services provided by these centers to…
Jan 2014
Author(s): Vakis, Renos; Paxson, Christina; Marshall, Daniela; Macours, Karen; López Bóo, Florencia; Bravo, David; Bernal, Raquel; Azuero, Rodrigo; Araujo, María Caridad; Behrman, Jere R.; Schady, Norbert
Research from the United States shows that gaps in early cognitive and non-cognitive ability appear early in the life cycle. Little is known about this important question for developing countries.…
Jul 2013
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad; López Bóo, Florencia; Puyana, Juan Manuel
This study collects and systematizes detailed, updated and comparable information about the design, management, funding and quality of child development services in Latin America and the Caribbean.…
Aug 2010
Author(s): Araujo, María Caridad
The Inter-American Development Bank has launched a significant, multi-year program of analytical work on Early Childhood Development (ECD) in Latin America and the Caribbean. The objective of this…
Jan 2009
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Stein, Ernesto H.; Abuelafia, Emmanuel; Berensztein, Sergio; Braun, Miguel; Di Gresia, Luciano; Alston, Lee J.; Melo, Marcus André; Mueller, Bernardo; Pereira, Carlos; Cárdenas, Mauricio; Mejía, Carolina; Olivera, Mauricio; Mejía Acosta, Andrés; Albornoz, Vicente; Araujo, María Caridad; Molinas, José R.; Pérez-Liñán, Aníbal; Carranza, Luis; Chávez, Jorge F.; Valderrama, José; Moraes, Juan Andrés; Chasquetti, Daniel; Bergara, Mario; Puente, José Manuel; Daza, Abelardo; Ríos, Germán; Rodríguez, Alesia; Hallerberg, Mark
This book presents a new framework for analyzing the political economy of budget processes in Latin America that is based on the following premises: i) the budget process must be considered as part…
Jan 2008
Author(s): Spiller, Pablo T.; Stein, Ernesto H.; Tommasi, Mariano; Scartascini, Carlos; Alston, Lee J.; Melo, Marcus André; Mueller, Bernardo; Pereira, Carlos; Aninat, Cristóbal; Londregan, John; Navia, Patricio; Vial, Joaquín; Cárdenas, Mauricio; Junguito, Roberto; Pachón, Mónica; Mejía Acosta, Andrés; Araujo, María Caridad; Pérez-Liñán, Aníbal; Saiegh, Sebastián; Lehoucq, Fabrice; Negretto, Gabriel; Aparicio, Francisco Javier; Nacif, Benito; Benton, Allyson Lucinda; Molinas, José R.; Montero, Marcela; Monaldi, Francisco; González de Pacheco, Rosa Amelia; Obuchi, Richard; Penfold, Michael
What determines the capacity of countries to design, approve and implement effective public policies? To address this question, this book builds on the results of case studies of political…
Nov 2006
Author(s): Mejía Acosta, Andrés; Albornoz, Vicente; Araujo, María Caridad
This study describes the main actors (formal and informal) involved in the budget-making process in Ecuador, and presents evidence regarding the main political and economic determinants of fiscal…