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Dec 2013
Author(s): Castellani, Francesca; Lora, Eduardo; Funaro, Rita
This issue of IDEA is based on the recently released IDB book, Entrepreneurship in Latin America: A Step up the Social Ladder? It provides interesting insights into the limits of policies to promote…
Aug 2013
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo
The distance between perception and reality with respect to the social domains of life is often striking. Using survey data collected on Latin American countries, this paper provides an overview of…
Jul 2013
Author(s): Castellani, Francesca; Lora, Eduardo
This paper provides a summary of the findings contained in a forthcoming issue of the Latin American Journal of Economics on entrepreneurship in Latin America as a vehicle for upward social mobility…
May 2013
Author(s): Corbacho, Ana; Fretes Cibils, Vicente; Lora, Eduardo
This executive summary presents the argument for using taxation as a development tool rather than simply a source of revenue. It also touches on some of the problem areas in tax systems including…
Sep 2012
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo; Fajardo, Johanna
This paper empirically explores the effects of payroll taxes, value-added taxes and corporate income taxes on a variety of labor market outcomes such as employment, unemployment, informality, and…
Dec 2011
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo; Fajardo, Johanna
The main contribution of this paper with respect to previous work is the use of data on subjective perceptions to identify the Latin American middle classes. This paper provides a set of comparisons…
Dec 2011
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo
This is the first study that uniformly analyzes health perceptions in all of Latin America and tests in a systematic way their relation to economic conditions at the country, income group and…
Nov 2011
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo; Powell, Andrew
This paper proposes a methodology to resolve the problems that result from using a combination of objective and subjective information in evaluating urban quality of life. The paper further suggests…
Jul 2011
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo
This presentation, made during the event Development Connections Conference in July 2011 in Kingston, Jamaica asks how well investments in information and communication technology (ICT) work to…
Apr 2010
Author(s): Funaro, Rita; Lora, Eduardo; Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
Latin America's lackluster growth and the resulting income gaps are due to a chronic productivity growth deficit. Latin American countries do not lack productive resources, they simply do not…
Jan 2010
Author(s): van Praag, Bernard M.S.; Gandelman, Néstor; Ferrer-i-Carbonell, Ada; Ham, Andrés; Lora, Eduardo; Tetaz, Martín; Medina, Carlos; Sanguinetti, Pablo; Cruces, Guillermo; Piani, Giorgina; Alcázar, Lorena; Powell, Andrew; Núñez, Jairo; Ferre, Zuleika; Andrade, Raúl; Robalino, Juan; Madrigal, Róger; Hall, Luis J.; Morales, Leonardo
A growing number of cities around the world have established systems for monitoring the quality of urban life. Many of those systems combine objective information with subjective opinions and cover a…
Nov 2008
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo; Chaparro, Juan Camilo
Using the 2006 Gallup World Survey of life satisfaction in 130 countries, this paper finds a very solid relationship between satisfaction and income (both across and within countries) and uncovers…
Jan 2008
Author(s): Berkman, Heather; Pagés, Carmen; Gandelman, Néstor; Gandelman, Eduardo; Calónico, Sebastián; Azevedo, Viviane; Payne, J. Mark; Cárdenas, Juan Camilo; Duryea, Suzanne; Chaparro, Juan Camilo; Lora, Eduardo; Ñopo, Hugo R.; Mazza, Jacqueline; Ripani, Laura; Chong, Alberto E.; Polanía, Sandra; Márquez, Gustavo; Bouillon, César P.; León, Gianmarco
This report raises a number of fundamental questions about the multidimensional and interrelated nature of social exclusion and moves beyond the traditional emphasis on outcomes and groups to view…
Jan 2008
Author(s): Pagés, Carmen; Scartascini, Carlos; Funaro, Rita; Madrigal, Lucía; Duryea, Suzanne; Chaparro, Juan Camilo; Rodríguez-Pombo, María Victoria; Lora, Eduardo; Sanguinetti, Pablo; Savedoff, William D.; Navarro, Juan Carlos; Verdisco, Aimee; Alfonso, Mariana; Powell, Andrew
Traditionally, the concept of quality of life has been viewed through objective indicators. Beyond Facts looks at quality of life through a new lens, namely, the perceptions of millions of Latin…
Jan 2007
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo
Panel data for seven Latin American countries are used to assess the influence of public indebtedness on public investment in infrastructure in the period 1987-2001. Debt increases are associated…
Jan 2007
Author(s): Galindo, Arturo; Scartascini, Carlos; Payne, J. Mark; Daughters, Robert; Melo, Alberto; Echebarría, Koldo; Lora, Eduardo; Filc, Gabriel; Micco, Alejandro; Chong, Alberto E.; Panizza, Ugo; Benavides, Juan; Magaldi de Sousa, Mariana; Navarro, Juan Carlos; Márquez, Gustavo; Cortázar Velarde, Juan Carlos; Mesa-Lago, Carmelo; Harper, Leslie; Rodríguez-Clare, Andrés; Perusia, Juan Cruz
Latin America suffered a profound state crisis in the 1980s, which prompted not only the wave of macroeconomic and deregulation reforms known as the Washington Consensus, but also a wide variety of…
May 2006
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo; Olivera, Mauricio
This paper assesses the effects of total public debt (external and domestic) on social expenditure worldwide and in Latin America using an unbalanced panel of around 50 countries for the period 1985-…
Jan 2006
Author(s): Murillo, Maria Victoria; Schneider, Ben Ross; Iacoviello, Mercedes; Scartascini, Carlos; Monaldi, Francisco; Payne, J. Mark; Martínez-Gallardo, Cecilia; Stein, Ernesto H.; Echebarría, Koldo; Whitehead, Laurence; Mateo-Berganza Díaz, María Mercedes; Lora, Eduardo; Filc, Gabriel; Bergara, Mario; Saiegh, Sebastián; Magaldi de Sousa, Mariana; Navarro, Juan Carlos; Mercer-Blackman, Valerie; Pereyra, Andrés; Cárdenas, Mauricio; Tommasi, Mariano; Santiso, Javier; Hughes, Sallie; Zuvanic, Laura; Jones, Mark P.; Clavijo, Laura
This report examines the quality of public policies in Latin America and the Caribbean after more than a decade of political and economic reform. A wide variety of examples and case studies are…
May 2005
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo; Olivera, Mauricio
This paper assesses how electoral outcomes in both presidential and legislative elections in Latin America have been affected by the adoption of economic policies that seek to improve macroeconomic…
May 2005
Author(s): Lora, Eduardo
This paper compares growth conditions in China and Latin America to assess fears that China will displace Latin America in the coming decades. China's strengths include the size of the economy,…