Aug 2020
Author(s): Dumas, Víctor; Lafuente, Mariano; Vieyra, Juan Cruz
El potencial de las políticas públicas y los servicios provistos por cualquier Estado están fuertemente relacionados con la calidad de su servicio civil. La forma en que un gobierno gestiona su…
Jul 2020
Author(s): Hiller, Tatiana; Rodríguez Chatruc, Marisol
We study the effects of female immigration on the labor supply of Dominican-born women of different educational levels and family structures. Using individual-level data for 2003 - 2016 and…
Jun 2020
Author(s): González-Velosa, Carolina; Robalino, David
En las dos últimas décadas, los países andinos lograron importantes avances en materia de reducción de la pobreza. Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú pasaron de ser países con una población…
Apr 2020
Author(s): Bustelo, Monserrat; Díaz Escobar, Ana María; Lafortune, Jeanne; Piras, Claudia; Salas Bahamón, Luz Magdalena; Tessada, José
We conducted a discrete choice experiment to elicit revealed preferences of low-income women for job flexibility. We did so without deception reversing the methodology proposed by Kessler et al. (…
Feb 2020
Author(s): Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo
El Índice de Mejores Trabajos es una herramienta para el análisis comparativo de los mercados laborales en América Latina. Este índice mide el estado del empleo en los países a través de dos…
Jan 2020
Author(s): Blyde, Juan S.; Busso, Matías; Romero, Dario
We analyze how local labor markets in Mexico adjusted in response to an increase in Chinese import competition between 1998 and 2013. We exploit the spatial variation in import exposure arising from…
Jan 2020
Author(s): Busso, Matías; Muñoz, Juan Sebastián; Montaño, Sebastián
This paper shows that returns to education are not enough to capture all the returns to human capital. Using longitudinal data of all college graduates in Colombia, we estimate labor market returns…
Dec 2019
Author(s): Altamirano Montoya, Álvaro; Azuara Herrera, Oliver; González, Stephanie; Ospino, Carlos; Sánchez-Navarro, Dennis; Torres, Jesica
Este documento contiene los resultados de una primera clasificación de ocupaciones laborales armonizada para los países de América Latina y el Caribe, tomando como base la información proporcionada…
Dec 2019
Author(s): Paz, Lourenço S.
The vigorous growth of the Chinese economy together with its growing role in international trade has raised fears of deindustrialization among developing countries. This study draws on the large…
Nov 2019
Author(s): Li, Kun; Mesquita Moreira, Mauricio
In this paper, we relate outcomes of El Salvadors local labor markets to their exposure to Chinese import competition. Using annual household surveys for 2000 to 2014, we construct a panel dataset of…
Nov 2019
Author(s): Trachtenberg, Danielle
This paper estimates the effects of NAFTA on labor and wages in Mexico using a local labor-markets approach. While NAFTA offered greater export opportunities to Mexican firms that may raise…
Nov 2019
Author(s): He, Zheli
Trade liberalization affects real-wage inequality through two channels: the distribution of nominal wages across workers and, if the rich and the poor consume different bundles of goods, the…
Sep 2019
Author(s): Paredes, Diana; Viteri, Adriana; Zoido, Pablo
En la nota CIMA# 18 se resumen los principales resultados de la encuesta internacional a docentes sobre enseñanza y aprendizaje (TALIS, 2018). Este documento relata cómo los docentes deben enfrentar…
Aug 2019
Author(s): Messina, Julián; Silva, Joana
This paper documents an inverse U-shape in the evolution of wage inequality in Latin America since 1995, with a sharp reduction starting in 2002. The Gini coefficient of wages increased from 42 to 44…
May 2019
Author(s): Robles, Marcos; Cruz-Aguayo, Yyannu; Schady, Norbert; Zuluaga, Daniela; Fuertes, Nicolás; Kang, Minji
Utilizando los datos de los censos de población y vivienda entre 1970 y 2010 para Brasil, Chile, Ecuador, México, Panamá y Paraguay, analizamos el comportamiento del empleo y los cambios en los…
Jan 2019
Author(s): Bustelo, Monserrat; Flabbi, Luca; Piras, Claudia; Tejada, Mauricio
The labor force participation of women is lower than the labor force participation of men. This empirical regularity is particularly acute in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). In terms of labor…
Aug 2018
Author(s): Bertoni, Eleonora; Elacqua, Gregory; Jaimovich, Analia; Rodríguez, Julio; Santos, Humberto
This paper contributes to the teacher sorting literature by analyzing equity in the distribution of teachers in three educational systems in Latin America, with different equalization policies,…
Aug 2018
Author(s): Muñoz, Ercio; Rucci, Graciana; Saltiel, Fernando; Urzúa, Sergio
Inequality in Latin America fell substantially in the early 2000s. In this paper, we take advantage of administrative matched employee-employed data in Brazil, Chile and Ecuador to examine whether…
Jun 2018
Author(s): Berlinski, Samuel
We analyze the effects on teacher retention and between school mobility of a program that rewards excellence in pedagogical practice in Chile. Teachers apply voluntarily for the award and those who…
Aug 2017
Author(s): Inter American Development Bank
Employment conditions are central to the wellbeing of families, through the impact of earnings on the resources they have available and through the direct impact on the utility of workers.…