Aug 2020
Author(s): Mesquita Moreira, Mauricio; Rodríguez Chatruc, Marisol; Lage de Sousa, Filipe; Merchán, Federico
This paper uses the sudden surge in Chinese competition faced by Brazil's manufacturers in the 2000s to revisit the findings from the literature on how productivity, innovation, and employment…
Jul 2020
Author(s): Mooney, Henry; Rosenblatt, David; Giles Álvarez, Laura; Gauto, Victor; Bollers, Elton; Christie, Jason; Khadan, Jeetendra; Smets, Lodewijk
Governments in the Caribbean region have been relatively successful in flattening the infection curve of the coronavirus in their countries. Geographical isolation is a contributing factor, but…
Jun 2020
Author(s): Domínguez, Patricio; Ruffini, Krista
This paper examines whether additional time in elementary and secondary school affects economic well-being in adulthood. This paper explores a large-scale reform that increased the Chilean school day…
Jan 2020
Author(s): Molina, Danielken
In this paper, I use Colombian data from 1996-2013 to construct two datasets that are used to assess whether the China Shock has affected the future growth rates of productivity, employment level,…
Jan 2020
Author(s): Blyde, Juan S.; Busso, Matías; Romero, Dario
We analyze how local labor markets in Mexico adjusted in response to an increase in Chinese import competition between 1998 and 2013. We exploit the spatial variation in import exposure arising from…
Dec 2019
Author(s): Paz, Lourenço S.
The vigorous growth of the Chinese economy together with its growing role in international trade has raised fears of deindustrialization among developing countries. This study draws on the large…
Dec 2019
Author(s): Blyde, Juan S.; Fentanes, Oscar
We study the impact of import competition on Mexican firm outcomes between 2003 and 2013 by exploiting variation in import penetration across industries. Focusing on the increase in import…
Nov 2019
Author(s): Trachtenberg, Danielle
This paper estimates the effects of NAFTA on labor and wages in Mexico using a local labor-markets approach. While NAFTA offered greater export opportunities to Mexican firms that may raise…
Dec 2018
Author(s): Scholl, Lynn; Martínez, Daniel; Mitnik, Oscar A.; Oviedo, Daniel; Yáñez-Pagans, Patricia
Despite the growing interest in and proliferation of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems around the world, their causal impacts on labor market outcomes remain unexplored. Reduced travel times for those…
Dec 2018
Author(s): Scholl, Lynn; Oviedo, Daniel; Innao, Marco; Pedraza, Lauramaría
Investments in public transit infrastructure in Latin America and the Caribbean often aim to reduce spatial and social inequalities by improving accessibility to jobs and other opportunities. The…
Jul 2018
Author(s): Baensch, Laura; Lanzalot, María Laura; Lotti, Giulia; Stucchi, Rodolfo
The link between innovation and employment is at the center of the policy debate. This paper sheds light on how labor market regulations affect the relationship between different types of innovation…
Aug 2017
Author(s): Inter American Development Bank
Employment conditions are central to the wellbeing of families, through the impact of earnings on the resources they have available and through the direct impact on the utility of workers.…
Aug 2017
Author(s): Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo
Las condiciones de empleo son fundamentales para el bienestar de las familias, por el impacto de los ingresos en los recursos que tienen disponibles y por el impacto directo sobre la utilidad de los…
Aug 2017
Author(s): Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento
O Índice de Melhores Trabalhos avalia a condição dos empregos dos países por meio de duas dimensões: Quantidade e qualidade. A dimensão de quantidade é composta por dois indicadores: Taxa de…
Aug 2017
Author(s): Estevadeordal, Antoni; Cabrol, Marcelo; Beliz, Gustavo; Rodrik, Dani; Aboal, Diego; Salazar-Xirinachs, José Manuel; Chelala, Santiago; Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada; Sosa Escudero, Walter; Pagés, Carmen; Ripani, Laura; Calvo, Cristina; Zunino, Gonzalo; Sundararajan, Arun
This new edition contains the work of over 40 experts from different parts of the world, who analyze the risks that automation may pose to work and how this may affect integration and employment.…
Aug 2017
Author(s): Estevadeordal, Antoni; Cabrol, Marcelo; Beliz, Gustavo; Rodrik, Dani; Aboal, Diego; Salazar-Xirinachs, José Manuel; Chelala, Santiago; Martínez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada; Sosa Escudero, Walter; Pagés, Carmen; Ripani, Laura; Calvo, Cristina; Zunino, Gonzalo; Sundararajan, Arun
¿Los robots serán una fuente de creación, desplazamiento o destrucción de empleos? ¿Cómo afectará el fenómeno de la automatización acelerada a los procesos de integración y comercio de América Latina…
Jan 2017
Author(s): Jimenez Mori, Raul Alberto
What do we know about the effects of improved access to electricity? Does the research tell a unified story? To answer these questions, this brief examines 50 impact evaluation studies, focusing on…
Dec 2016
Author(s): Pereira, Mariano; Tacsir, Ezequiel
Este trabajo analiza la relación entre la innovación y el empleo a nivel de firma. En particular, contribuye a generar evidencia sobre los efectos de la introducción de innovaciones (de producto o…
Oct 2016
Author(s): Bueso-Merriam, Jacqueline; Demichelis, Francisco; Fernández Díez, María Carmen; Giuliodori, David; Rodríguez, Alejandro; Stucchi, Rodolfo
Una limitación de la literatura empírica actual sobre evaluación de impacto es la carencia de estudios que midan los impactos del crédito en el mediano y largo plazo, así como en los tipos de…
Oct 2016
Author(s): Bueso-Merriam, Jacqueline; Demichelis, Francisco; Fernández Díez, María Carmen; Giuliodori, David; Rodríguez, Alejandro; Stucchi, Rodolfo
A shortcoming of the current empirical impact evaluation literature is the lack of studies that measure the effect of access to credit in the medium and long term, as well as the impact on…