Dec 2019
Author(s): Hanusch, Marek; Keefer, Philip; Vlaicu, Razvan
To understand why parties buy votes, a study analyzed electoral competition where parties can use both vote buying and policy promises. Parties can renege on the promises after the election. Greater…
Dec 2019
Author(s): Hanusch, Marek; Keefer, Philip; Vlaicu, Razvan
Para entender por qué los partidos compran votos, un estudio analizó la competencia electoral en contextos donde los partidos pueden utilizar tanto la compra de votos como las promesas políticas. Los…
Nov 2019
Author(s): Keefer, Philip; Scartascini, Carlos; Vlaicu, Razvan
Voters would be better off if they removed politicians offering low-quality government by pursuing populist policies and re-elected those who improved government quality with sustainable policies. In…
Aug 2019
Author(s): Ardanaz, Martín; Hallerberg, Mark; Scartascini, Carlos
Do voters punish governments that introduce fiscal “austerity” measures? If so, does voter response vary according to the design (composition) of fiscal adjustments? What determines the timing of…
May 2018
Author(s): Barreto-Dillon, Leonellha; Basani, Marcello; De Simone, Francesco; Cotlear, Blanche
La adopción de prácticas de transparencia es uno de los determinantes principales de la eficiencia de los proveedores y reguladores de servicios de agua y saneamiento (AyS). Esta es una de las…
Mar 2018
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Vlaicu, Razvan
This paper estimates the effect of voting eligibility on civic engagement measured along three dimensions: political motivation, political activities, and political knowledge. These outcomes…
Jan 2018
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Cruz, Cesi; Keefer, Philip
The Database of Political Institutions presents institutional and electoral results data such as measures of checks and balances, tenure and stability of the government, identification of party…
May 2017
Author(s): Aruoba, S. Boragan; Drazen, Allan; Vlaicu, Razvan
This paper proposes a structural approach to measuring the effects of electoral accountability. A political agency model with imperfect information is modeled in order to identify and quantify…
Jan 2016
Author(s): Cruz, Cesi; Keefer, Philip; Scartascini, Carlos
The Database of Political Institutions presents institutional and electoral results data such as measures of checks and balances, tenure and stability of the government, identification of party…
Sep 2015
Author(s): Hallerberg, Mark; Scartascini, Carlos
This paper examines whether elections, which are generally held on fixed dates, and banking crises explain the timing of tax reforms and the allocation of the additional tax burden. Using an…
Dec 2012
Author(s): Palanza, Valeria; Scartascini, Carlos; Tommasi, Mariano
This paper proposes an agenda for the study of the determinants and the processes by which strong policymaking institutions emerge, with emphasis on the most central democratic institution: the…
Dec 2010
Author(s): Bastos, Paulo; Castro, Lucio; Cristia, Julian P.; Scartascini, Carlos
This paper exploits unique features of a recently introduced tariff schedule for natural gas in Buenos Aires to estimate the short-run impact of price shocks on residential energy utilization. The…
Mar 2010
Author(s): Tommasi, Mariano; Scartascini, Carlos; Stein, Ernesto H.
The capacity to sustain policies over time and the capacity to adjust policies in the face of changing circumstances are two desirable properties of policymaking systems. The veto player approach has…
Dec 2008
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos; Stein, Ernesto H.; Tommasi, Mariano
This paper introduces preliminary evidence from a cross-country database of policy characteristics and potential uses of that database. While most databases have emphasized either the content of…
Sep 2007
Author(s): Scartascini, Carlos
Public policies are the outcome of the interaction among a variety of key political actors, each with its own preferences and incentives, who meet in different arenas and interact within the…
Mar 2002
Author(s): Panizza, Ugo; Lora, Eduardo
The future of structural reforms in Latin America is under discussion. The purpose of this document is to synthesize the facts and opinions that underlie this debate. The first section shows that…
Mar 2002
Author(s): Panizza, Ugo; Lora, Eduardo
El futuro de las reformas estructurales se encuentra en discusión en América Latina. Este documento tiene por objeto ofrecer una síntesis de los hechos y opiniones que están alimentando este debate.…