Each year, more than 1.3 million people die on the world's roads, and close to 50 million suffer nonfatal injuries. This brochure is part of the Road Safety Initiative which informs about this issue in Latin America and the Caribbean. For the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), a collaborative effort to improve road safety is a top priority. In 2010, the IDB lending for transportation in LAC totaled more than US$1.3 billion, with a strong emphasis on roads and urban transport. Roughly 5¿7 percent of these resources were allocated to road safety.