Is There Labor Market Discrimination among Professionals in Chile?: Lawyers, Doctors and Businesspeople
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This paper analyzes gender differences in three Chilean professional labor markets, business, law and medicine, utilizing a new and rich data set collected for this purpose. The results show that differences in wages attributed to gender are only present in the legal profession. In business/economics, a vector of current family condition eliminates the gender effect and in Medicine, taking into account hours worked, size of firm and region also eliminates gender differences. The paper further shows that individuals' perceived locus of control (internal or external) is relevant in explaining the distribution of earnings.